Do you want to learn how to crochet a granny square? The classic granny square pattern is perfect for beginners since it is the easiest granny square you can make. Our step-by-step photo tutorial makes it simple to follow along with, and it has a free crochet pattern included too.
To start a square, create the center of the motif and join rounds by repeating a pattern of granny clusters and chains. A granny cluster is simply three double crochet stitches worked into the same space. Follow our beginner-friendly guide to make your own beautiful granny square in no time.
If you are a new crocheter and want to expand your skills to include a crocheted square, then you’ll love this beginner-friendly granny square crochet pattern.
Below, I’ll show you how to make a classic granny square that is not only easy, but perfect for anyone who is ready to learn how to crochet.
Scroll on down to find a simple granny square pattern with a photo tutorial that includes step-by-step photos for extra help that is perfect for absolute beginners.
What is a Granny Square?
A basic granny square pattern is a versatile component of many crochet projects. A granny square can also be called a crochet motif. The granny square can also be used to build a classic granny square blanket, shawl, or cardigan. The possibilities are endless.
The general process is to make a handful of granny squares, then stitch them together in such a way that it creates a unique pattern. Some examples of granny patterns include blankets, bags, and even granny sweaters.
Granny squares are small projects, so they are a great way to use up leftover scraps of yarn. You can make a traditional granny square in one solid color like I did here, or use a different color of yarn for each round.
The pattern below is a classic square design that is easy to make and great for beginner crocheters who are eager to learn to make an easy granny square.
Usually, the first step of creating a granny square project is to just start making countless granny squares, which I’ll show you how to below!
Building a Project with Crochet Granny Squares
But, there are a few important things to keep in mind when starting to construct crocheted granny squares.
- First, each one should have a uniform size. If you build a 4″ x 4″ granny square, they should all be that way.
- Second, it may be critical to block them, so each square has defined corners and sides.
A common misconception is that a project using crochet granny square patterns needs to have all the squares built in the same pattern. This is untrue, and creatively, by using different stitches, colors, and square variations, your granny square project can be entirely unique to you!
How to Crochet a Granny Square
A basic granny square is one of the first patterns a beginner-level crocheter learns because it uses simple crochet stitches, it’s easy to learn, and it works up quickly.
You may hear them referred to as afghan squares or motifs as well. These square crochet patterns are fun to learn and are a great way for beginner crocheters to gain confidence in their crochet skills and test learning new stitches.
The basic granny square motif is worked from the center out in joined rounds. The first round and additional rounds of a granny square are made from a repeating pattern of granny clusters and chain stitches.
Traditional granny squares are worked in the round, which means you’ll be joining yarn to form a continuous round without turning, rather than working in rows as you would with a crochet blanket.
Learn more below about the easy crochet stitches that will make up a granny square below.
The Stitches to Crochet a Square Pattern
You’ll only need to know how to double crochet and make a chain stitch to complete this easy granny square pattern. Double crochet stitches are one of the basic stitches a beginner learns when they are first starting to crochet, and are the most common stitch used when making granny squares.
This granny square pattern is worked with clustered double crochets, which is referred to as granny clusters or double crochet clusters. A double crochet cluster refers to a set of three double crochet (dc) stitches worked into the same space.
Once you’ve built your first crochet granny square, you can build your next one in any crochet stitch you’d like!
Using different stitches in your granny projects will allow you to make a unique crochet project that is one of a kind, but if you do prefer the traditional granny square design, then make that instead.
Basic Stitches of This Simple Granny Square
Double Crochet (dc):
- Wrap the yarn over (yo) the hook, insert the hook into the specified st.
- Yo the hook again, draw the yarn through the st, so there are 3 loops on the hook
- Yo the hook again draw it through 2 loops, so there are 2 loops on the hook
- Yo the hook, draw it through the final 2 loops.
Chain Stitch (ch):
A simple crochet stitch that often forms the foundation of what crochet stitches are worked into during projects. Learn all about chain stitches below.
- Make a slip knot.
- Insert hook into slip knot point first, bring yarn over the shaft of the hook from back to front and grab it with the throat of the hook.
- Draw hooked yarn through slip knot and onto the hook. This movement will make one chain stitch
- Repeat steps two and three until you have the desired number of stitches for a pattern. One loop will remain on the hook.
Slip Stitch (sl st):
- Insert the hook into the designated stitch.
- Yo and pull back through the st and through the loop on the hook.
The Special Stitch in This Granny Square
- Granny Cluster (aka Shell Stitch): The granny cluster in this pattern is 3 stitches worked into the same space.
How to Make a Multicolored Granny Square Pattern
Want to use more than one color? If you prefer, you can change the color midway through the granny square tutorial to make it colorful by using our tutorial on how to change colors in crochet.
Whether you make a basic granny with a solid color or changing yarns to make a two color granny square, just have fun with it!
Let’s Get Started
Now that you know all the stitches required for this granny square, it’s time to start! Below are the basic steps on how to make a classic crochet granny square, with a full step-step tutorial pattern.
With this easy granny square written pattern, your squares will lay flat, work up fast and beautifully, so you’ll have a solid granny square in no time.
I hope you enjoy this free crochet pattern for beginners on how to make a crocheted granny square!
How to Crochet A Granny Square for Beginners
Skill Level: Basic
- Use any type of yarn of any weight. For my square example, I’m using a four weight medium yarn aka worsted weight yarn (Vanna’s Choice)
- A crochet hook that corresponds to the yarn you are using. I am using a J-6 mm crochet hook.
- Yarn needle
Crochet Stitch Abbreviations
- ch = chain
- sp = space
- dc(s) = double crochet(s)
- ch sp = chain space
- sl st = slip stitch
- x = times
- rep = repeat
- This pattern for a crochet granny square is written in standard US terms
- The size of the granny square will depend on the size crochet hook and weight class of yarn used. You are welcome to make a few different granny squares with a few different hook sizes to see what works best for you, so you can achieve the desired size needed.
- You can use a magic circle (aka magic ring) to start this granny square instead of the chain 3 (ch 3). If you do this, you will need to make 3 double crochets into the center ring and then follow along with the pattern as written.
- A dc cluster in this square pattern refers to a group of double crochets.
- Tip: This granny square project is great to use scrap yarn on, since it takes very little yarn to make this granny square.
The Free Granny Square Crochet Pattern
Round 1 of a Granny Square:
- Ch 3 (counts as the 1st dc)
- In the 3rd ch from the hook, dc twice (1st dc cluster group)
- Ch 2 (first corner), 3 dcs into the same sp as the previous dcs (2nd dc cluster)
- Ch 2 (second corner), 3 dcs into the same sp as the previous dcs, (3rd dc cluster)
- Ch 2 (third corner), 3 dcs into the same sp as the previous dcs (4th dc cluster)
- Ch 2 (fourth corner), sl st to the top of the ch 3 from the first cluster to finish the end of the round.
Round 2 of a Granny Square:
- Ch 3 (this counts as a dc)
- 2 dcs into the last ch 2 sp from the round before. It is the one directly below the ch 3.
- Ch 2, in the next ch 2 sp dc 3 x, ch 2, and dc 3 x in that same space
- Ch 2, in the next ch 2 sp dc 3 x, ch 2, and dc 3 x in that same sp.
- Ch 2, in the next ch 2 sp dc 3 x, ch 2, and dc 3 x in that same sp
- Ch 2, you will be at the beginning ch 2 corner space, next dc 3 x and ch 2
- Sl st to the top of the ch 3 to complete round 2
Round 3 of a Granny Square:
- Ch 3 (this counts a dc)
- 2 dcs into the last ch 2 sp from the round before. It is the one directly below the ch 3
- * Ch 2, In the next ch 2-sp 3 dcs
- Ch 2, in the next ch 2 sp over dc 3 x, ch 2, and dc 3 more x in that same sp
- Rep from * around until you reach the corner you started with. Ch 2, dc 3 x and ch 2
- At the final corner, sl st to the top of the ch 3 to complete round 3.
Finishing a Granny Square:
- To make your granny square larger, you can continue on to make additional rounds.
- To finish a granny square, pull the yarn through the last loop leaving a six-inch tail, then cut with scissors. Weave in the loose ends with a yarn needle.
Tip: You may wish to block your granny square so it even the whole way around and has a true square shape.
Learn more about blocking in crochet to see which method is right for you.
Granny Square Tips for Beginners
As you feel more confident as a beginner crocheter, you may wish to expand your granny square skills. Below are a few ways to customize a granny square to your liking.
How to Make a Granny Square Bigger
Making a granny square bigger is easy to do! You’ll just continue the same granny cluster patterns but with each round, working along the edges and into each corner, but there will be more spaces along the edges to double crochet in.
You can continue crocheting a granny square until it turns into a blanket if you’d like! I found this granny square blanket that did just that, and it turned out beautiful.
Different Ways to Start a Granny Square
In the tutorial above, I used a chain 3 method, but there are other ways to begin a granny square.
- Chain 3: This method was shown above and is the most common technique used to make a classic granny.
- Magic Ring / Circle or Adjustable Ring: This is a method that allows you to begin crochet in the round and close the hole tightly when done working in it, so the hole doesn’t show. Basically, it gives you a more solid square.
- Chain 4: This is similar to the chain 3 method, but you will be working the beginning round in the chain 4 instead of the chain 3. This works well, but will leave a slightly bigger hole in the center of your granny square.
Change Color in a Granny Square
At the beginning of each round, you can change yarn colors to make your granny square unique. This is easy to do by dropping your current color on the last stitch and then picking up the new color (putting over the hook) to finish the stitch.
How to Crochet Granny Squares Together
There are three joining methods that can be used to connect granny squares or any crochet square together. Learn how to connect granny squares below:
- Slip Stitch Seam: Use a slip stitch crochet stitch to join squares together. This is the quickest way to join squares.
- Single Crochet Seam: This is similar to the method above, but you will use single crochets to join instead of slip stitches. I have this tutorial about joining that may help with both methods above.
I hope you enjoyed this easy crochet granny square pattern tutorial and learned a new crochet technique! If you need any clarification, please feel free to join the Easy Crochet Facebook Group! We’d love to have you in our community.
More Crochet Patterns using the Granny Stitch
The granny stitch is a favorite for those making afghan blankets and (of course) granny squares. However, it can be used on any type of project. Below are some modern crochet projects we used this classic stitch on.
- Granny Scarf Pattern
- Granny Stitch Ripple Blanket
- Modern Granny Blanket
- Baby Granny Stitch Ripple Blanket
- Granny Shawl Pattern
Other Free Granny Square Patterns
We’ve created a lot of free granny square patterns throughout our crochet lifetime. We’ve used them to make a crochet pillow, crochet blanket and more! Take your new-found skill of making granny squares and turn it into something beautiful!
- 29 Easy Crochet Squares for Beginners (Granny, Motifs and more)
- Solid Granny Square Pattern (2 Sizes)
- WUA Simple Crochet Rectangle #5
- WUA Puff Crochet Rectangle Pattern #4
- Warm Up America Alissa Crochet Rectangle Pattern #3
More Free Crochet Patterns
Here are some more free crochet patterns that you may be interested in. All of these crochet projects utilize something you learned when making the granny square above.